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California Compliance Connection - May 2022

June 6, 2022

Download the PDF version here.

Federal Compliance Update 

Federal: New FMLA Mental Health Resources

The U.S. Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division (WHD) enforces the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), which enables workers to take time off for mental health treatment for themselves or to care for family members. The WHD provides educational materials to assist in FMLA compliance along with the following new resources (released in May 2022) for workers, their advocates, employers, and their representatives:

The WHD website provides more information about the FMLA and other laws it enforces.


Federal Form I-9 Rule Flexibilities, One Ending and Another Extended: Compliance Reminder

DHS Ending Temporary Policy for Form I-9 Identity Documents

Beginning May 1, 2022, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is ending its temporary Form I-9 policy that allows employers to accept List B documents that expired on or after March 1, 2020.

DHS adopted the temporary policy in response to the difficulty of renewing documents during COVID. Since then, document-issuing authorities have reopened or provided alternatives to in-person renewals. Starting May 1, 2022, employers must return to only accepting unexpired List B documents.

Action Item

If an employee presented an expired List B document between May 1, 2020, and April 30, 2022, you need to update their Form I-9 by July 31, 2022, as follows:

  • If the employee is still employed, they must present an unexpired document from either List A or List B. If presenting a List B document, it could be a renewed version of the document previously provided, or a different List B document. You should enter the document title, issuing authority, document number, and expiration date in the “Additional Information” field of Section 2, and initial and date the change. USCIS provides an example of how to do this here.
  • If the employee is no longer employed, no action is needed.
  • If the List B document was auto-extended by the issuing authority so that it was technically unexpired when it was presented, no action is needed.

Remote Form I-9 Document Inspection Flexibility Extended Until October 31, 2022

DHS has once again extended the policy that provides employers with flexibility related to in-person Form I-9 document inspection. This latest extension is in effect until October 31, 2022.

In March 2020, DHS began providing flexibility to certain employers who were hiring fully remote workers due to COVID by suspending the in-person Form I-9 document inspection requirement. This policy has been extended several times.

You can read the extension announcement here and keep an eye on this page for additional Form I-9 news.

Federal: 2023 Inflation Adjusted Amounts for HSAs and HDHPs Released; ACA Out-of-Pocket Limits

On April 29, 2022, the IRS released the 2023 Health Savings Accounts (HSA) and high deductible health plans (HDHPs) inflation-adjusted amounts:

  • Annual HSA contribution limitation:
  • Self-coverage only: $3,850 ($200 increase from 2022)
  • Family coverage: $7,750 ($450 increase from 2022)
  • Annual catch-up contribution maximum
  • $1,000 for HSA-eligible individuals age 55 or older (unchanged from 2022)
  • Minimal annual HDHP deductible:
  • Self-coverage only: $1,500 ($100 increase from 2022)
  • Family coverage: $3,000 ($200 increase from 2022)
  • Maximum annual HDHP out-of-pocket expenses (deductibles, copayments, and other non-premium amounts):
  • Self-coverage only: $7,500 ($450 increase from 2022)
  • Family coverage: $15,000 ($900 increase from 2022)

This applies to all HDHPs regardless of whether they’re for essential health benefits.

These amounts are different from the Affordable Care Act (ACA) maximum out-of-pocket limits for 2023 (released by the Department of Health and Human Services in December 2021) for non-grandfathered health plans, which are:

  • Self-coverage only: $9,100 ($400 increase from 2022)
  • Family coverage: $18,200 ($800 increase from 2022)

Unlike the HDHP out-of-pocket maximums, the ACA out-of-pocket maximums apply to in-network essential health benefits.

State Compliance Update

California: State Supreme Court Rules Break Premiums are Wages and Subject to Penalties

On May 23, 2022, the Supreme Court of California ruled in Naranjo v. Spectrum Security Services that extra pay for missed breaks is considered wages under Cal. Lab. Code §§ 203 and 226 and must be:

  • Reported on employee wage statements when they’re working; and
  • Paid in their final paycheck within legal deadlines. The default deadline for paying employees who resign is immediately when they quit if they gave sufficient advance notice and within 72 hours if they didn’t give sufficient notice.

According to the court’s analysis, “California law requires employers to provide daily meal and rest breaks to most unsalaried employees. If an employer unlawfully makes an employee work during all or part of a meal or rest period, the employer must pay [them] an additional hour of pay.” This additional hour is the extra pay for missed breaks (missed-break premium) the court addressed and determined to be reportable and payable as wages under §§ 203 and 226.

The court continues: “Although the extra pay is designed to compensate for the unlawful deprivation of a guaranteed break, it also compensates for the work the employee performed during the break period. The extra pay thus constitutes wages subject to the same timing and reporting rules as other forms of compensation for work.”

Subsequently, finding the missed-break premium pay as wages subject to California Labor Code’s timely payment and reporting requirements supports § 203 waiting-time penalties and § 226 wage statement penalties, and employers can now be penalized for not reporting them on paystubs or paying them upon termination.

California: West Hollywood Amends its Minimum Wage and Leave Ordinance

On May 12, 2022, the West Hollywood City Council approved amendments (Ord. No. 22-1180 summary) to and regulations for the city’s minimum wage and leave ordinance. Some changes include:

  • Employee count calculation changed to per quarter: For existing employers, employee count is calculated based on the employer’s average number of employees per quarter (during the most recent calendar year to account for any employee fluctuation throughout the year). For new employers, an initial determination of employee count is based on the actual number of hires at the time they open. Thereafter, their employee count is determined by the average number of paid employees per week in the first 90 days.
  • New waiver available for leave provisions: Employers that can demonstrate the leave requirements would cause them to declare bankruptcy, shutdown, reduce their workforce by more than 20 percent, or curtail their employees’ total hours by more than 30 percent may qualify for a one-year waiver for the leave provisions. Employers that apply for a waiver need to let their employees know about it.

The new regulations also discuss:

  • Guidance for payment of the citywide minimum wage, qualification of employers outside the city, and calculation of consumer price index.
  • Guidance for the leave provisions and how employers can apply for a waiver.

The city’s website provides more information.

Compliance Calendar


No reporting to discuss for June


No reporting to discuss for June


8/1 – Form 5500 Deadline (calendar year plans)

8/1 – Form 941 Filing Deadline (second quarter)

8/1 – PCORI Fee Deadline

8/1 – VETS-4212 Filing Open (federal contractor)


Lighthouse HR Support (LHRS) provides practical human resource information and guidance based upon our knowledge and experience in the industry and with our clients. LHRS services are not intended to be a substitute for legal advice. LHRS services are designed to provide general information to human resources and/or business professionals regarding human resource concerns commonly encountered. Given the changing nature of federal, state and local legislation and the changing nature of court decisions, LHRS cannot and will not guarantee that the information is completely current or accurate. LHRS services do not include or constitute legal, business, international, regulatory, insurance, tax or financial advice. Use of our services, whether by phone, email or in person shall indicate your acceptance of this knowledge.

Written By:

Kelly Murphy

Kelly Murphy

Senior HR Business Partner

Kelly brings a wealth of knowledge with nearly 30 years of human resource experience. She provides expertise in various human resource categories, including employee relations, performance management, HR Form creation/review (employee handbooks, job descriptions, etc.), employee/management training, workplace investigations, etc. Her human resource certifications include PHR (Professional Human Resources) and SHRM-PC (Society for Human Resource Management Certified Professional). 

Kelly attended Colorado Mesa University and Waldorf University, where she earned a degree in Human Resource Management and Business Administration with Summa Cum Laude honors. She was named Western Colorado Human Resource Association Professional of the Year, 2013, and currently serves on the Board of Directors. She also is a member of the WCHRA Skills Development Committee, the WCCA Education Committee, and the Members/Events Committee. She serves as an Ambassador for both the Fruita and Palisade Chamber of Commerce.