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CA Compliance Connection- December 2021

December 31, 2021

There is a lot to cover in this edition, but we wanted to take this opportunity to thank you all for your continued support for our business environment and your workforce.  We hope you all have a peaceful and prosperous 2022.


OSHA Withdraws Most of ETS for Healthcare Workers

On about December 28, 2021, OSHA announced the withdrawal of most of the ETS aimed at healthcare workers.  However, employers must still comply with recording COVID-19 logs and case reports regardless of work-related status.  Additionally, OSHA strongly encourages healthcare entities to continue with compliance of the entire ETS to remain in compliance with the General Duty clause.  As a refresher, the General Duty clause in part requires employers to provide “employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees…”  This includes respiratory protection, personal protective equipment (PPE), and protecting employees from hazards.  


Also keep in mind that if the healthcare entity employees 100 or more employees, they still must comply with that portion of the ETS.



OSHA Emergency Temporary Standard (ETS) Reinstated by 6th Circuit Federal Court of Appeals

On Friday Dec. 17, 2021 the 6th Circuit Federal Court of Appeals reinstated the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) federal emergency temporary standard (ETS) for COVID-19. The 6th Circuit decision reverses the stay ordered in November by the 5th Circuit and allows OSHA to resume ETS implementation and enforcement nationwide. Click here to read a summary of the ETS.


It is anticipated that the 6th Circuit Federal Court of Appeals will provide further guidance early in January 2022.

The ETS establishes a mandatory vaccination policy requirement for private employers with 100 or more employees. ETS opponents have already filed an appeal with the U.S. Supreme Court challenging the 6th Circuit’s decision.


OSHA Response and Guidance

OSHA has published  the following guidance regarding the reinstatement:

To account for any uncertainty created by the stay, OSHA is exercising enforcement discretion with respect to the compliance dates of the ETS. To provide employers with sufficient time to come into compliance, OSHA will not issue citations for noncompliance with any requirements of the ETS before January 10 and will not issue citations for noncompliance with the standard’s testing requirements before February 9, so long as an employer is exercising reasonable, good faith efforts to come into compliance with the standard. OSHA will work closely with the regulated community to provide compliance assistance.


Impact on Employers

The 6th Circuit’s decision suggests the ETS may survive its legal challenges. Employers subject to the ETS should monitor legal developments closely. They should also consider what measures they would need to adopt to be considered to have made reasonable, good faith efforts to comply if the Supreme Court upholds the ETS.


Important Dates to Keep In Mind

Jan. 10, 2022 – Planned enforcement deadline for most ETS requirements.

Feb. 9, 2022 – Planned enforcement deadline for ETS testing requirements.



EEOC Issues New Guidance on COVID-19 and ADA Disability

On Dec. 14, 2021, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) issued 14 new answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs) about what employers may or may not do to comply with federal fair employment laws during the COVID-19 pandemic. The new FAQs specifically address the definition of “disability” and how to determine whether an individual with COVID-19 meets it under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).  


ADA and COVID-19 Background

Under the ADA, employers with 15 or more employees may face liability if they take certain adverse employment actions against individuals who have been diagnosed with or are believed to have COVID-19. The ADA also requires these employers to provide reasonable accommodations for individuals with disabilities, including any related to COVID-19. Smaller employers may be subject to similar rules under applicable state or local law.


Three-Part Definition     

The EEOC’s new FAQs clarify that COVID-19 may qualify an individual for ADA protection based on “actual” disability, a “record of” disability or being “regarded as” having a disability. Employers must perform an individualized assessment to determine whether a specific employee’s COVID-19 meets any of these definitions.


Disability Types 

COVID-19 is an actual disability if it is a physical or mental impairment that “substantially limits one or more major life activities.” The FAQs provide examples of situations in which an individual with COVID-19 would (and would not) meet this definition. 

The FAQs also explain and provide examples illustrating how certain adverse employment actions may violate the ADA even if an individual only had COVID-19 in the past (“record of” disability) or is mistakenly believed to have COVID-19 (“regarded as” having a disability).


COVID-19 as a Disability  

Determining whether COVID-19 is a disability is determined on a case-by-case basis and always requires an individualized assessment.

  • Actual Disability:  COVID-19 is an actual disability if it substantially limits one or more major life activities.  
  • Substantial Limitations:  Limitations from COVID-19 do not have to last any length of time or be long-term to be substantially limiting. 
  • Major Life Activities:  Major life activities include major bodily functions, such as respiratory, lung or heart function, and most daily activities, such as walking or concentrating.



Understanding the Omicron Variant

A new variant of coronavirus is prompting renewed concern regarding the pandemic. The World Health Organization (WHO) named the new variant “Omicron.” Omicron is labeled a “variant of concern,” the agency’s serious category for tracking. Such a designation is reserved for dangerous variants that may be more transmissible or virulent or could decrease the effectiveness of vaccines or treatments.

This article features Omicron information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The Emergence of Omicron

On Nov. 24, 2021, a new coronavirus variant was reported to the WHO. This new variant was first detected in Botswana and South Africa.

On Dec. 1, 2021, the first confirmed U.S. case of Omicron was identified. The CDC continues to collaborate with global public health and industry partners to learn about Omicron and monitor its course. At the time of publication, experts don’t yet know how easily it spreads, the severity of illness it causes, or how well available vaccines and medications work against it.

Despite the increased attention of Omicron, Delta remains the main variant circulating in the United States.

What Is Known About Omicron

The CDC shared the following information about the infection and spread of Omicron.

How easily does Omicron spread?

The Omicron variant likely will spread more easily than the original coronavirus strain, but how easily Omicron spreads compared to Delta remains unknown. The CDC expects that anyone with an Omicron infection can spread the virus to others, even if they are vaccinated or don’t have symptoms.

Will Omicron cause more severe illness?

More data is needed to know if Omicron infections, especially reinfections and breakthrough infections in fully vaccinated people, cause more severe illness or death than infection with other variants.

Will vaccines work against Omicron?

Current vaccines are expected to protect against severe illness, hospitalizations, and deaths due to infection with the Omicron variant. However, breakthrough infections in fully vaccinated people are likely to occur. With other variants, like Delta, vaccines have remained effective at preventing severe illness, hospitalizations, and death. The recent emergence of Omicron further emphasizes the importance of COVID-19 vaccination and boosters.


Will treatments work against Omicron?

Scientists are working to determine how well existing treatments for COVID-19 work. Based on the changed genetic makeup of Omicron, some treatments are likely to remain effective while others may be less effective.

Tools to Fight Omicron

There are several tools available today in the United States to fight the Omicron variant. According to the CDC, the following tools can help reduce the spread of Omicron in our country:

  • Vaccines remain the best public health measure to protect people from COVID-19, slow transmission and reduce the likelihood of new variants emerging. The CDC recommends everyone 5 years of age and older protect themselves from COVID-19 by getting fully vaccinated.
  • Masks offer protection against all variants of COVID-19. Regardless of vaccination status, the CDC recommends wearing a mask in public indoor settings in areas of substantial or high community transmission.
  • Tests can tell you if you are currently infected with COVID-19. Visit your state, tribal, local or territorial health department’s website to look for the latest local information on testing.

While we learn more about the risk of Omicron, it’s essential to use all tools available to protect yourself and others.

Stay Tuned

CDC experts are working to gather data and virus samples that can be studied to answer important questions about the Omicron variant. Scientific experiments have already started, and the CDC will provide updates as soon as possible.

Source: CDC


IRS Announces 2022 Standard Mileage Rates

On Dec. 17, 2021, the IRS issued the 2022 optional standard mileage rates, which are used to calculate the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business, charitable, medical or moving purposes.

The 2022 standard mileage rates for the use of a car (also vans, pickups or panel trucks) will be:

  • 58.5 cents per mile driven for business use, up 2.5 cents from the rate for 2021;
  • 18 cents per mile driven for medical purposes or for moving purposes for qualified active-duty members of the Armed Forces, up two cents from the rate for 2021; and
  • 14 cents per mile driven in service of charitable organizations. The rate is set by statute and remains unchanged from 2021.

Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, taxpayers cannot claim a miscellaneous itemized deduction for unreimbursed employee travel expenses. Taxpayers also cannot claim a deduction for moving expenses, unless they are members of the Armed Forces on active duty moving under orders to a permanent change of station.

Taxpayers always have the option of calculating the actual costs of using their vehicle rather than using the standard mileage rates.

Taxpayers can use the standard mileage rate but must opt to use it in the first year the car is available for business use. Then, in later years, they can choose either the standard mileage rate or actual expenses. Leased vehicles must use the standard mileage rate method for the entire lease period (including renewals) if the standard mileage rate is chosen.


Federal: Extension of Form I-9 Flexibility Into 2022

The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) extended the Form I-9 compliance

flexibility until April 30, 2022, due to necessary COVID-19 precautions. This extension

continues to apply the guidance previously issued for employees hired on or after April 1,

2021, and who work exclusively in a remote setting due to COVID-19-related precautions.

Those employees are temporarily exempt from the physical inspection requirements for the

Employment Eligibility Verification Form (I-9) until they are working non-remotely on a

regular, consistent, or predictable basis, or when the extension ends—whichever is earlier.


On March 20, 2020, the Department of Homeland Security announced its deferral of the

physical presence requirements for the Form I-9 to protect employees and employers from

COVID-19. However, this policy only applies to employers and workplaces that are

operating remotely. If there are employees physically present at a work location, no

exceptions are being implemented at this time for in-person verification of identity and

employment eligibility documentation for the form.


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State Compliance Update


California: Masks Required Indoors, Regardless of Vaccination Status, Until January 2022

Beginning December 15, 2021, universal masking will be required in all indoor and public

places, regardless of vaccination status, in California beginning December 15, 2021, through January 15, 2022. No person can be prevented from wearing a mask as a condition of participation in an activity or entry into a business.


In workplaces, employers are subject to the Cal/OSHA COVID-19 Emergency Temporary

Standards (ETS) or in some workplaces, the Cal/OSHA Aerosol Transmissible Diseases

(ATD) Standard and should consult those regulations for additional requirements.


The following individuals are exempt from wearing masks at all times:

  • Persons younger than two years old. Very young children must not wear a mask because of the risk of suffocation.
  • Persons with medical conditions, mental health conditions, or disabilities that prevent wearing a mask. This includes persons with medical conditions for whom wearing a mask could obstruct breathing or who are unconscious, incapacitated, or otherwise unable to remove a mask without assistance.
  • Persons who are hearing impaired, or communicating with a person who is hearing impaired, where the ability to see the mouth is essential for communication.
  • Persons for whom wearing a mask would create a risk to the person related to their work, as determined by local, state, or federal regulators or workplace safety guidelines.


CFRA Leave Expanded to Parents-in-Law

Employees will be able to take leave under the California Family Rights Act (CFRA) to care for a parent-in-law with a serious health condition. A parent-in-law is defined as the parent of the employee’s spouse or domestic partner. Currently, parents are covered among the family members an employee can use CFRA leave to care for, but parents-in-law are not.


CFRA applies to employers that have five or more employees. Employees are eligible to take CFRA leave if they have worked for their employer for 12 months and worked at least 1,250 hours during the 12-month period before their leave begins. Additional details are available on the platform.


Action Items

If you have five or more employees, we recommend that you update your CFRA policy to add parents-in-law to the list of family members that can be cared for and ensure that managers are made aware of the change.


Minimum Wages and Salaries


Statewide Minimum Wage

California’s minimum wage for employers with 25 or fewer employees will increase to $14 per hour. For employers with 26 or more employees, the minimum wage will be $15 per hour.


Exempt Employee Minimum Salaries and Wages

  • The minimum salary threshold for exempt employees will increase to $1,120 per week ($58,240 per year) for employers with 25 or fewer employees and $1,200 per week ($62,400 per year) for employers with 26 or more employees.
  • The minimum hourly rate for exempt computer software employees will increase to $50 per hour (or an annual salary of $104,149.81).
  • The minimum rate for exempt licensed physicians and surgeons paid on an hourly basis will increase to $91.07 per hour.


Local Minimum Wages

The hourly minimum wage will also increase in the following cities:

  • Belmont: $16.20
  • Burlingame: $15.60
  • Cupertino: $16.40
  • Daly City: $15.53
  • East Palo Alto: $15.60
  • El Cerrito: $16.37
  • Half Moon Bay: $15.56
  • Hayward (25 or fewer employees): $14.52
  • Hayward (26 or more employees): $15.56
  • Los Altos: $16.40
  • Menlo Park: $15.75
  • Mountain View: $17.10
  • Novato (25 or fewer employees): $15
  • Novato (26–99 employees): $15.53
  • Novato (100 or more employees): $15.77
  • Oakland: $15.06
  • Oakland (hotels with health benefits): $16.38
  • Oakland (hotels without health benefits): $21.84
  • Palo Alto: $16.45
  • Petaluma: $15.85
  • Redwood City: $16.20
  • Richmond: $15.54
  • San Carlos: $15.77
  • San Diego: $15
  • San José: $16.20
  • San Mateo: $16.20


California: Cal/OSHA Revised COVID-19 Prevention

ETS Effective January 14, 2022

On December 17, 2021, the California Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board adopted revisions to the COVID-19 Prevention Emergency Temporary Standards (ETS) to include the latest recommendations from the California Department of Public Health (CDPH). The revisions will take effect on January 14, 2022, and include:


Investigating and responding to COVID-19 cases in the workplace.

Employers must continue to properly notify employees, employee representatives and any other workers at a worksite of possible COVID-19 exposures within one business day. This section was updated to give employers more clear instructions on how to notify workers who were at the same worksite as the COVID-19 case during the high risk exposure period.


Face Coverings. The definition was updated to include more detail on the different types of acceptable face coverings.


Testing and Exclusion. The following revisions make the ETS consistent with current CDPH recommendations:

  • Employers are now required to make COVID-19 testing available at no cost and during paid time to employees who were fully vaccinated before the “close contact” with a COVID-19 case occurred, even if they are asymptomatic.
  • During outbreaks and major outbreaks, employers must now make weekly testing (outbreaks) or twice-weekly testing (major outbreaks) available to asymptomatic fully vaccinated employees in the exposed group.
  • Employees who have recently recovered from COVID-19 and those who are fully vaccinated are not required to be excluded from the workplace after “close contact” but must wear a face covering and maintain six feet of physical distancing for 14 calendar days following the last date of contact.


Return to Work Criteria. The period of time before an employee can return to work after close contact or COVID-19 infection has been revised to be consistent with current CDPH guidelines. These time frames will automatically update if the CDPH updates their guidelines pursuant to the governor’s executive order (N-84-20).


Important requirements remain unchanged in the COVID-19 Prevention ETS and employers must continue to maintain an effective COVID-19 Prevention Program that includes identifying and evaluating employee exposures to COVID-19 health hazards, training employees on how to prevent hazards and implementing procedures to correct unsafe conditions. Employers should still allow adequate time for handwashing and cleaning frequently touched surfaces and objects.


Compliance Calendar


May

1/31 – Deadline to Distribute Forms 1095-B and 1095-C

1/31 – Form 940 Filling Deadline

1/31 – Form 941 Filing Deadline (fourth quarter)

1/31 – Forms W2 and 1099-MISC Distribution Deadline

1/31 – Forms W3 Filing Deadline


February

2/1 – Deadline for posting OSHA Form 300A

2/28 – Forms 1094-B, 1095-B, 1094-C, and 1095-C Filing Deadline (paper filers)


March

3/31 – Forms 1094-B, 1095-B, 1094-C, and 1095-C Filing Deadline (electronic filers)






Disclaimer:

Lighthouse HR Support (LHRS) provides practical human resource information and guidance based upon our knowledge and experience in the industry and with our clients. LHRS services are not intended to be a substitute for legal advice. LHRS services are designed to provide general information to human resources and/or business professionals regarding human resource concerns commonly encountered. Given the changing nature of federal, state and local legislation and the changing nature of court decisions, LHRS cannot and will not guarantee that the information is completely current or accurate. LHRS services do not include or constitute legal, business, international, regulatory, insurance, tax or financial advice. Use of our services, whether by phone, email or in person shall indicate your acceptance of this knowledge.

Written By:

Kelly Murphy

Kelly Murphy

HR Business Partner

Kelly brings a wealth of knowledge with nearly 30 years of human resource experience. She provides expertise in various human resource categories, including employee relations, performance management, HR Form creation/review (employee handbooks, job descriptions, etc.), employee/management training, workplace investigations, etc. Her human resource certifications include PHR (Professional Human Resources) and SHRM-PC (Society for Human Resource Management Certified Professional). 

Kelly attended Colorado Mesa University and Waldorf University, where she earned a degree in Human Resource Management and Business Administration with Summa Cum Laude honors. She was named Western Colorado Human Resource Association Professional of the Year, 2013, and currently serves on the Board of Directors. She also is a member of the WCHRA Skills Development Committee, the WCCA Education Committee, and the Members/Events Committee. She serves as an Ambassador for both the Fruita and Palisade Chamber of Commerce.